Copyright

 

The Internet Identity Card’s © Copyright and Content are Protected in 171+ Countries via the Berne Convention

Copyright is a creation of law in each country, and therefore there is no such thing as an international copyright law. Nevertheless, more than 170 countries have ratified a treaty – the Berne Convention, administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) – that sets a minimum set of standards for the protection of the rights of the creators of copyrighted works around the world. In addition, there have been efforts to harmonize copyright law in Europe and other regions.

 

Table of Parties

The list below was taken from details supplied by WIPO, UNESCO and the WTO (see references): they are correct as of 2005-12-11 (2000-01-01 for the Universal Copyright Convention), and include some accessions after that date. Dates quoted are the date on which the treaty came into effect for a given country.

Country Berne UCC Geneva UCC Paris TRIPS WCT
Afghanistan Observer
Albania 1994-03-06 2000-09-08 2005-08-06
Algeria 1998-04-19 1973-08-28 1974-07-10 Observer 2014-01-31[10]
Andorra 2004-06-02 1955-09-16 Observer
Angola 1996-11-23
Antigua and Barbuda 2000-03-17 1995-01-01
Argentina 1967-06-10 1958-12-13 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Armenia 2000-10-19 2003-02-05 2005-03-06
Australia 1928-04-14 1969-05-01 1978-02-29 1995-01-01 2007-07-26
Austria 1920-10-01 1957-07-02 1982-08-14 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Azerbaijan 1999-06-04 Observer 2006-04-11
Bahamas 1973-07-10 1976-10-13 1976-12-27 Observer
Bahrain 1997-03-02 1995-01-01 2005-12-15
Bangladesh 1999-05-04 1975-08-05 1975-08-05 1995-01-01
Barbados 1983-07-30 1983-06-18 1983-06-18 1995-01-01
Belarus 1997-12-12 Observer 2002-03-06
Belgium 1887-12-05 1960-08-31 1995-01-01 2006-08-30
Belize 2000-06-17 1983-03-01 1995-01-01
Benin 1961-01-03 1996-02-22 2006-04-16
Bhutan 2004-11-25 Observer
Bolivia 1993-11-04 1990-03-22 1990-03-22 1995-09-12 Signed
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) Observer 2009-11-25[11]
Botswana 1998-04-15 1995-05-31 2005-01-27
Brazil 1922-02-09 1960-01-13 1975-12-11 1995-01-01
Brunei 2006-08-30 1995-01-01
Bulgaria 1921-12-05 1975-06-07 1975-06-07 1996-12-01 2002-03-06
Burkina Faso 1963-08-19 1995-06-03 2002-03-06
Burundi 2016-04-12[12] 1995-07-23 2016-4-12[13]
Cambodia 1955-09-16 2004-10-13
Cameroon 1964-09-21 1973-05-01 1974-07-10 1995-12-13
Canada 1928-04-10 1962-08-10 1995-01-01 2014-08-13[14]
Cape Verde 1997-07-07 2008-07-23
Central African Republic 1977-09-03 1995-05-31
Chad 1971-11-25 1996-10-19
Chile 1970-06-05 1955-09-16 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
China, People’s Republic of 1992-10-15 1992-10-30 1992-10-30 2001-12-11 2007-06-09 (Hong Kong and Macau at later dates)
Colombia 1988-03-07 1976-06-18 1976-06-18 1995-04-30 2002-03-06
Comoros 2005-04-17 Observer
Congo, Democratic Republic 1963-10-08 1997-01-01
Congo, Republic 1962-05-08 1997-03-27
Costa Rica 1978-06-10 1955-09-16 1980-03-07 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Côte d’Ivoire 1962-01-01 1995-01-01
Croatia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 2000-11-30 2002-03-06
Cuba 1997-02-20 1957-06-18 1995-04-20
Cyprus 1964-02-24 1990-12-19 1990-12-19 1995-07-30 2003-11-04
Czech Republic 1993-01-01 1960-01-06 (as Czechoslovakia) 1980-04-17 (as Czechoslovakia) 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Denmark 1903-07-01 1962-02-09 1979-07-11 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Djibouti 2002-05-13 1995-05-31
Dominica 1999-08-07 1995-01-01
Dominican Republic 1997-12-24 1983-05-08 1982-05-08 1995-03-09 2006-01-10
East Timor
Ecuador 1991-10-09 1957-05-03 1991-09-06 1996-01-21 2002-03-06
Egypt 1977-06-07 1995-06-30
El Salvador 1994-02-19 1979-03-29 1979-03-29 1995-05-07 2002-03-06
Equatorial Guinea 1997-06-26 Observer
Eritrea
Estonia 1994-10-26 1999-11-13 2010-03-14
Ethiopia Observer
European Union 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Fiji 1971-12-01 1972-03-13 1996-01-14
Finland 1928-04-01 1963-04-16 1986-11-01 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
France 1887-12-05 1956-01-14 1972-12-11 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Gabon 1962-03-26 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Gambia 1993-03-07 1996-10-23
Georgia 1995-05-16 2000-06-14 2002-03-06
Germany 1887-12-05 1955-09-16 1974-01-18 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Ghana 1991-10-11 1962-08-22 1995-01-01 2006-11-18
Greece 1920-11-09 1963-08-24 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Grenada 1998-09-22 1996-02-22
Guatemala 1997-07-28 1964-10-28 1995-07-21 2003-02-04
Guinea 1980-11-20 1981-11-13 1981-11-13 1995-10-25 2002-05-25
Guinea-Bissau 1991-07-22 1995-05-31
Guyana 1994-10-25 Unknown Unknown 1995-01-01
Haiti 1996-01-11 1955-09-16 1996-01-30
Honduras 1990-01-25 1995-01-01 2002-05-20
Hong Kong 1997-07-01 1997-09-30 1997-09-30 1995-01-01 2008-10-01[15]
Hungary 1922-02-14 1971-01-23 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Iceland 1947-09-07 1956-12-18 1995-01-01
India 1928-04-01 1958-01-21 1988-04-07 1995-01-01
Indonesia 1997-09-05 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Iran Observer
Iraq Observer
Ireland 1927-10-05 1959-01-20 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Israel 1950-03-24 1955-09-16 1995-04-21 Signed
Italy 1887-12-05 1957-01-24 1980-01-25 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Jamaica 1994-01-01 1995-05-09 2002-06-12
Japan 1899-07-15 1955-09-16 1977-10-21 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Jersey 2014-01-31[16]
Jordan 1999-07-28 2000-04-11 2004-04-27
Kazakhstan 1999-04-12 1973-05-27 Observer 2004-11-12
Kenya 1993-06-11 1966-09-07 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 Signed
Kiribati
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic 2003-04-28
Korea, Republic 1996-08-21 1987-10-01 1987-10-01 1995-01-01 2004-06-24
Kuwait 2014-12-02[17] 1995-01-01
Kyrgyzstan 1999-07-08 1998-12-20 2002-03-06
Laos 2012-03-14 [1] 1955-09-16 2013-02-02
Latvia 1995-08-11 1999-02-10 2002-03-06
Lebanon 1947-09-30 1959-10-17 Observer
Lesotho 1989-09-28 1995-05-31
Liberia 1989-03-08 1956-07-27
Libya 1976-09-28 Observer
Liechtenstein 1931-07-30 1959-01-22 1999-11-11 1995-09-01 2007-04-30
Lithuania 1994-12-14 2001-05-31 2002-03-06
Luxembourg 1888-06-20 1955-10-15 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Macau 1999-12-20 1995-01-01 2013-11-06[18]
Macedonia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 2003-04-04 2004-02-04
Madagascar 1966-01-01 1995-11-17 2015-2-24[19]
Malawi 1991-10-12 1965-10-26 1995-05-31
Malaysia 1990-10-01 1995-01-01 2012-12-27[20]
Maldives 1995-05-31
Mali 1962-03-19 1995-05-31 2002-04-24
Malta 1964-09-21 1968-11-19 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 1973-02-06 1995-05-31
Mauritius 1989-05-10 1970-11-20 1995-01-01
Mexico 1967-06-11 1957-05-12 1975-10-31 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Federated States of Micronesia 2003-10-07
Moldova 1995-11-02 2001-07-26 2002-03-06
Monaco 1989-05-30 1955-09-16 1974-12-13 Signed
Mongolia 1998-03-12 1997-01-29 2002-10-25
Montenegro 2006-06-03 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 2012-04-29 2003-06-13 (as Serbia and Montenegro)
Morocco 1917-06-16 1972-05-08 1976-01-28 1995-01-01 2011-07-20 [2]
Mozambique 2013-11-22[21] 1995-08-26
Myanmar 1995-01-01
Namibia 1990-03-21 1995-01-01 Signed
Nauru
Nepal 2006-01-11 2004-04-23
Netherlands 1912-11-01 1967-06-22 1985-11-30 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
New Zealand 1928-04-24 1964-09-11 1995-01-01
Nicaragua 2000-08-23 1961-08-16 1995-09-03 2003-03-06
Niger 1962-05-02 1989-05-15 1989-05-15 1996-12-13
Niue 2015-01-08[22]
Nigeria 1993-09-14 1962-02-14 1995-01-01 Signed
Norway 1896-04-13 1963-01-23 1974-08-07 1995-01-01
Oman 1999-07-14 2000-11-09 2005-09-20
Pakistan 1948-07-05 1955-09-16 1995-01-01
Palau
Panama 1996-06-08 1962-10-17 1980-09-03 1997-09-06 2002-03-06
Papua New Guinea 1996-06-09
Paraguay 1992-01-02 1962-03-11 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Peru 1988-08-20 1963-10-16 1985-07-22 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Philippines 1951-08-01 1955-11-19 1995-01-01 2002-10-04
Poland 1920-01-28 1977-03-09 1977-03-09 1995-07-01 2004-03-23
Portugal 1911-03-29 1956-12-25 1981-07-30 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Qatar 2000-07-05 1996-01-13 2005-10-28
Romania 1927-01-01 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Russia 1995-03-13 1973-05-27 (as the Soviet Union) 1994-12-09 2012-08-22 2009-02-05
Rwanda 1984-03-01 1989-11-10 1989-11-10 1996-05-22
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1995-04-09 1996-02-21
Saint Lucia 1993-08-24 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1995-08-29 1985-04-22 1985-04-22 1995-01-01
Samoa 2006-07-21 2012-05-10
San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe 2016-06-14[23] Observer
Saudi Arabia 2004-03-11 1994-07-13 1994-07-13 2005-12-11
Senegal 1962-08-25 1974-07-09 1974-07-09 1995-01-01 2002-05-18
Serbia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) Observer 2003-06-13 (as Serbia and Montenegro)
Seychelles 2015-04-26
Sierra Leone 1995-07-23
Singapore 1998-12-21 1995-01-01 2005-04-17
Slovakia 1993-01-01 1960-01-06 (as Czechoslovakia) 1980-04-17 (as Czechoslovakia) 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Slovenia 1930-06-17 (as Yugoslavia) 1966-05-11 (as Yugoslavia) 1974-07-10 (as Yugoslavia) 1995-07-30 2002-03-06
Solomon Islands 1996-07-26
Somalia
South Africa 1928-10-03 1995-01-01 Signed
Spain 1887-12-05 1955-01-27 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Sri Lanka 1959-07-20 1984-01-25 1984-01-25 1995-01-01
Sudan 2000-12-28 Observer
Suriname 1977-02-23 1995-01-01
Swaziland 1998-12-14 1995-01-01
Sweden 1904-08-01 1961-07-01 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
Switzerland 1887-12-05 1956-03-30 1993-09-21 1995-07-01 2008-07-01
Syria 2004-06-11
Taiwan 2002-01-01 (as “Chinese Taipei”)
Tajikistan 2000-03-09 2013-03-02 2009-04-05
Tanzania 1994-07-25 1995-01-01
Thailand 1931-07-17 1995-01-01
Togo 1975-04-30 1995-05-31 2003-05-21
Tonga 2001-06-14 2007-07-27
Trinidad and Tobago 1988-08-16 1988-08-19 1988-08-19 1995-03-01 2008-11-28
Tunisia 1887-12-05 1969-06-19 1975-06-10 1995-03-29
Turkey 1952-01-01 1995-03-26 2008-11-28
Turkmenistan 2016-05-29[24][25][dated info]
Tuvalu 2014-06-04[26]
Uganda 1995-01-01
Ukraine 1995-10-25 2008-05-16 2002-03-06
United Arab Emirates 2004-07-14 1996-04-10 2004-07-14
United Kingdom 1887-12-05 1957-09-27 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2010-03-14
United States 1989-03-01 1955-09-16 1974-07-10 1995-01-01 2002-03-06
Uruguay 1967-07-10 1993-04-12 1993-04-12 1995-01-01 2009-06-05
Uzbekistan 2005-04-19 Observer
Vanuatu 2012-12-27[27] 2012-08-24
Holy See (Vatican City) 1935-09-12 1955-10-05 1980-05-06 Observer
Venezuela 1982-12-30 1966-09-30 1996-04-11 1995-01-01 Signed
Vietnam 2004-10-26 2007-01-11
Yemen 2008-07-14 2014-06-26
Zambia 1992-01-02 1965-06-01 1995-01-01
Zimbabwe 1980-04-18 1995-03-05
Source: Wikipedia

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